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Rep. Harris on leading the Black caucus, 21st Century Scholars expansion plans
East Chicago Rep. Earl Harris Jr. is new to his role as the head of the Indiana Black Legislative Caucus, but the Democrat’s name might sound familiar.
He follows in the footsteps of both of his parents. His father, Earl Harris Sr., served a portion of northwest Indiana as a lawmaker for more than 30 years by the time he passed away in office. His mother was caucused to serve the district before Harris Jr. was elected in 2016.
Perhaps Harris Jr.’s biggest legislative accomplishment to date was being chosen this December to lead the Black caucus, one of the more politically active caucuses in the Statehouse.
State Affairs talked to Harris about following in his parents’ footsteps, IBLC’s legislative agenda, getting bills passed in the superminority and his bill expanding the 21st Century Scholars program, as the 2023 session starts to wrap up.
This conversation has been edited for clarity, brevity and length.
Q. Your parents both served in the Statehouse. Did you always know you wanted to run for office because of that?
A. I do follow in the footsteps of both my parents. My father served until March 23rd of 2015 when he passed away, and then my mother was caucused in. I was born and raised in East Chicago, [and at the time of his father’s death] was living here in Indianapolis.
I'm an only child. Dad had cancer so we knew it was a matter of time, so we had some conversations about what would happen. When Mom decided she wanted to stay in East Chicago, I moved back to East Chicago.
After the dust settled, people started talking to my mother about her running to replace my father. And then me running [after]. The original plan was Mom was going to run for reelection, and then I was going to run two years [after that]. She had a health issue and ended up in the hospital, so we decided it was not a good idea for her to have to deal with running for office. It moved up the timeframe of me running by two years.
Q. Why was it important to you to honor your father's legacy in that way?
A. Some of it was there were things that Dad worked on, things we wanted to continue in growing the area, and then I brought into it some of my own experiences. A lot of the time when I lived here in Indianapolis, I worked in Indianapolis Public Schools, and so education is a big thing for me.
Being around this [building] almost all my life, I jokingly said I already knew where the bathrooms were when I got elected. [This was] really an opportunity to dive all the way in and see what good I can do.
Q. The IBLC's agenda this year is largely focused on educational attainment. Why is that?
A. Every year, IBLC has a theme for our agenda, and everyone gets to submit a bill. This year's theme is closing the achievement gap. Part of that came out of we know that COVID really did a lot of damage for all young people in terms of education. For Black and brown kids [it caused] a little bit more damage.
We're the Indiana Black Legislative Caucus, but when you look at our pieces of legislation, they really do benefit, for the most part, everybody. We really want to see what we can do in terms of legislation that would make things better for young people, and again, try to catch people up.
Q. Can you describe some of the bills the IBLC has pushed this legislative session?
A. They focus on education; they focus on achievement. Some of them are very directly [tied to it]. But some of them are connected to it. When you look at a bill about universal free school breakfast and lunch, when you talk about tax credits [for teacher supplies], when you talk about putting seat belts on school buses, when you talk about bias crimes, domestic violence, those are things that may not be direct classroom type things, but they affect how young people are going to learn and so they fit into the mix.
One that I'm extremely proud of that I authored is House Bill 1449. That has to do with 21st Century Scholars. So many times since I've been in office a parent will say, ‘My kid’s in high school and they want to continue education post-high school. Do you have any ideas on how they can pay for it?’ One of my first answers to them is, ‘Are they a 21st Century Scholar?’ And most of the time, if not all, the parent looks at me and goes, ‘What's that?’ If they're in high school, it's too late to sign up.
I filed a bill last year about 21st Century Scholars that would have moved back the signup date, and it would have made it a click box on free and reduced lunch. Over the summer, right after Chris Lowry had just become the new commissioner of [Indiana's Commission for Higher Education], we were having a conversation outside in the [Statehouse] parking lot. As I like to jokingly say, that's where all the important conversations happen.
We started talking about automatic enrollment, so that's really where this year's version of the bill came from. Even if students don't know they are eligible for it, they’ll get enrolled into the program. And CHE [Commission for Higher Education] will do more work to inform parents, inform students and help students get prepared for college.
We also know that this is something that's on the governor’s agenda. We're very proud of that. We should do whatever we can to help people continue their education post-high school. I don't care if it's a certificate, two-year degree, a four-year degree. If you look at the bills I’ve filed and look at one of my agenda items, education and continued education is a big priority.
Q. It’s kind of unusual to see a Democrat carrying a Republican governor’s agenda item. Was that just a coincidence?
A. This is one of those cases, which hopefully there are more of these than not, where it really doesn't matter if you're an R or a D, it's about what's good and what's best for the state and how can we make things better. It's not as if the governor and I sat down and had a conversation about this. It just worked out that way.
Back in my 20s I learned this whole theory of a win-win. Do things where everyone wins. The student wins because they have money for college, the parent wins because their student has money for college. Universities and colleges win. They're not at 100% capacity, so it's more butts in seats. Businesses and organizations that are going to hire win because [there are] more educated, trained, skilled people, and it helps us as a state. 21st Century Scholars has a 10-to-1 financial return. I was not a finance major, but I know that if for every dollar I give you, you give me $10 back, that's a great deal. So it really is a win-win.
Q. How successful has IBLC been this session in getting its agenda moved?
A. Besides House Bill 1449, which is mine, [Rep.] Carolyn Jackson has House Bill 1138, which is [about] preschool childcare facility drinking water. Rep. Jackson, since she got elected, has been very focused on making sure that young people have clean water that isn’t full of lead, full of other things that could cause health issues.
It's all about the long game. So as much as we would love for every bill we file to become law in the first year or two, that's not the reality of what's going to happen. You lay groundwork and you continue to push and get things done.
Q. There are only Democrats in the IBLC. Because Republicans hold the supermajority, how does that impact how successful you are?
A. Well, IBLC is nonpartisan; it just turns out that all of the members are Democrats just because of the way it works out here. But I said this when I ran the first time, I'm a big believer that relationships equal resources. It's about those relationships. It's about having conversations with people and helping people understand [your legislation].
There was a bill that did not get heard this session, and I'm on Ways and Means, and Chairman Thompson said, ‘Hey, I'm not going to hear your bill this year. But let's talk about it over the break.’ So that's also what happens as you build those relationships.
As we continue to work on things, we know that that's vital, not just because we're IBLC members, that's vital because we are in this superminority. We know that the way the math works out, if you're a Democrat you can't get anything done if you don't have Republican support.
Q. Why should all Hoosiers regardless of race care about what the IBLC is doing?
A. The agenda is beneficial to everyone. When you look at our agenda of closing the achievement gap, it doesn't matter if you're an R, it doesn't matter if you're a D, it doesn't matter your ethnicity, your gender. That's an important thing for all of us.
The bills we've authored and the bills that are going through are going to benefit everyone here in the state of Indiana. It doesn't matter what the author or the senator or representative looks like.
Q. In 2021, there was tension in the Statehouse over race after some Black lawmakers were booed while talking about whether a bill was racist or not. Do you think attitudes toward race in the Statehouse have shifted at all since then?
A. My hope is things continue to get better, but we've seen some things on the national level that make you wonder if we're heading in the wrong direction.
We'll do what we can to make it better, but we understand that there's a lot more than just [those of] us that are elected here at the Statehouse can do to help this out. My hope is other non-Black legislators understand a little bit more about the reality of things that we have to face as minorities and understand that it's a little bit different than what white people have in terms of experiences.
Representative [Vanessa] Summers has a bill on implicit bias in medicine. We know that's an issue. That's not only an issue here in Indiana. There was a [Black female Indiana] doctor who recorded herself talking about how [doctors] wouldn't do what they were supposed to do [when treating her]. Even a celebrity — rich, famous, Serena Williams, the tennis player — it’s well-documented that when she was going through her health issue around her pregnancy and childbirth, she couldn't get doctors to pay attention and listen.
There's lots of stories like that.
Q. Last year you earned the 2022 Civility in Government Award. How do you keep that reputation enough to earn that award when things can be tense in the Statehouse?
A. If we're going to be successful as members of the Indiana General Assembly, and I say this for everyone, you have to get along. We're not always going to agree, and that's sometimes inside of the same party. Not every Democrat agrees with every Democrat and not every Republican agrees with every Republican, but you have to understand that OK, I can look at the legislation you file. I may not like it, but it doesn't mean that you are my enemy. We may think differently, but maybe I can talk to you and maybe build some understanding.
I think you get a little bit further with that than yelling and screaming at the top of your lungs at someone and pointing fingers and all of that. It's not my style in general, even before I came here. I think if you do that in a lot of cases, the person you're doing that to is just going to shut off. I don't think that ever is going to be the right way to go and get anything done, especially in this space.
Q. Ending on a lighter note, what do you like to do in your free time?
A. It depends. I'm big into music and sports. Prince did not come to Indiana and discover me so I'm very disappointed in that, but I'm a big musicaholic, sports, entertainment. I try to do things that are relaxing. I actually went to see Jo Koy, the comedian, Saturday in Chicago.
And then I also am [really into] bike riding. I'm glad that the weather is getting warmer because it's time to get back on the bike, improve my shape, and lose a few pounds. Being here at the Statehouse, there's way too much sitting and way too much eating.
I love hanging out with my family and friends. I don't get to see them as much during session because it just takes up so much time. Because of my background in media, creativity is always something fun, so anything that's creative usually draws and gets my attention like movies, television shows, etc.
Gov. Holcomb taps Boone County Council president to serve out remainder of Comptroller Tera Klutz’s term
Republican Elise Nieshalla, president of the Boone County Council, will serve out the remaining three years of State Comptroller Tera Klutz’s term.
Gov. Eric Holcomb announced the appointment of Nieshalla, a real estate investor, on Tuesday. As state auditor, Nieshalla will oversee the balancing of Indiana’s checkbooks and payment of all state employees.
“My appreciation runs deep for the strong financial standing of our state and the integrity in which the State Comptroller’s Office is run,” Nieshalla said in a statement. “It is truly my privilege to receive Gov. Holcomb’s appointment to serve our great state and local units of government by upholding the highest standards of fiscal responsibility and offering tremendous Hoosier service.”
Earlier this year Klutz announced she would resign Nov. 30, roughly a year after she was reelected. Klutz, who was first appointed by Holcomb in 2017, is the fourth state auditor in a row to not finish their term, enabling the sitting governor to choose a replacement.
Nieshalla was already well-known within Republican circles. She previously ran for treasurer in 2022 against three other Republicans, losing to current Treasurer Daniel Elliott at the state Republican convention. At the time, the convention loss of Nieshalla and other Republicans more closely aligned with the party establishment was seen as a rebuke of the Holcomb wing of the party.
Nieshalla, who lives in Zionsville, is also president of the Indiana County Councils Association and the chairwoman of the Association of Indiana Counties’ 2023 Legislative Committee. She has a bachelor’s degree from Oral Roberts University and a master’s degree from Indiana University.
She’ll be sworn in on Dec. 1 and will serve until at least the 2026 election when voters will have the option to choose the next state comptroller.
Holcomb praised Nieshalla in an emailed statement.
“Elise is a dedicated and proven public servant who has committed much of her professional life to bettering her community through service,” Holcomb said. “She has shared her financial expertise to help steer and shape the bright future of Boone County which gives me great confidence she’ll do the same serving Hoosiers as our next State Comptroller.”
On Tuesday, Indiana lawmakers returned to the Statehouse for Organization Day, the ceremonial start to the legislative session, ahead of what legislative leaders are saying should be a low-key, short session.
“We’ll probably take a pretty measured approach on what we address … , maybe fine tune some things,” House Speaker Todd Huston, R-Fishers, said during an Indiana Chamber of Commerce legislative panel on Monday. “Short sessions are supposed to be for emergency items only.”
Not only will 2024 be a non-budget-writing legislative session mandated to end by mid-March, but this session also falls in the midst of a heated Republican gubernatorial primary. There’s no obvious assumed winner who can lead policy discussions ahead of the election, nor has Gov. Eric Holcomb laid the groundwork for any major policy changes in his last legislative session.
Plus, recent criminal corruption charges against a former lawmaker — and the potential for other lawmakers to be charged in connection with the case — has put a cloud over the Indiana General Assembly.
Still, some minor bills are expected to move, and something can always pop up. Here’s a breakdown of some of the issues State Affairs expects to be debated, and three that probably won’t move.
Both Huston and Senate President Pro Tem Rodric Bray, R-Martinsville, said they want to limit the situations in which schools allow third graders to advance to fourth grade when they fail the IREAD-3, the state’s reading comprehension test.
During the 2021-2022 school year, more than 18% of students failed the test because they were not reading at a third grade level.
“When you pass that kid on, and they aren’t prepared to succeed, you’re not doing that kid a favor,” Huston said, following his Organization Day speech in which he laid out his caucus’ priorities.
Huston’s goal is to make Indiana the No. 1 state in the nation for third grade reading proficiency by 2027.
Democrats cautioned that it may be too soon to make major changes to how IREAD scores are handled in Indiana. During the 2023 legislative session, lawmakers passed a science of reading bill.
“We need to make sure that schools have the opportunity to train their teachers, to implement these strategies across the board before we start throwing new legislative hurdles in the way,” said Sen. Andrea Hunley, D-Indianapolis. “We have to give [new recommendations] time to work before we start, say, failing all children or retaining a whole class of children.”
Continuing to re-think K-12 education
Last legislative session, lawmakers passed a bill seeking to expand work-based learning in high school, but Huston emphasized during his Organization Day speech that legislators can still do more to transform the K-12 school system.
Huston said House Republicans will push to allow state money typically set aside for students pursuing a college education to be used to obtain certificates and certifications for “high demand, high wage jobs.”
“We must continue to adjust the way we think about K-12 education in order to meet the needs of all students, including those who aren’t interested in pursuing a two-or four-year degree,” Huston said. “Let’s use this session to build on skill and work-based learning, and let’s align our funding to this goal.”
This fall the Indianapolis Chamber of Commerce took a delegation of Indiana lawmakers and others to Switzerland to see how the country’s apprenticeship program operates. Expect more changes in the coming years that would enable Indiana’s K-12 system to more closely mirror that of Switzerland’s.
Child care access
During his own Organization Day speech, Bray emphasized a need to expand affordable child care options for young children.
“Day care is a constant challenge from the Ohio River to the Michigan line, trying to find day care at all if you can find it and whether it’s affordable,” Bray said.
He pointed to a legislative study committee on the topic which recommended some minor reforms to the system, such as lowering the age requirement for working unassisted in an infant or toddler classroom to age 18 from 21 and requiring the state to review how it can streamline child care regulations to increase availability.
Don’t expect lawmakers to throw more money at the child care system since 2024 isn’t a budget-writing year.
Health care costs
Lawmakers passed multiple bills during the 2023 legislative session aimed at cutting health care costs, ranging from limiting physician noncompete agreements to creating benchmarks for how high hospital prices in the largest hospital systems should be.
But Bray said he expects lawmakers to offer more legislation on the topic this year in order to help drive down costs long term.
A legislative study committee on the topic backed recommendations to require more disclosures by insurance companies on their “prior authorization” process for medical care, as well as require medical providers to give lawmakers a six-month notice for mergers or acquisitions.
It’s unclear whether legislation on water access will actually pass either chamber, but the topic is almost certain to come up in discussions.
Earlier this year, the Indiana Economic Development Corp. announced plans to pump water from the Wabash River aquifer to the LEAP district in Lebanon. Tippecanoes citizens have been vocal in their opposition to the plan, and just this week the Tippecanoe County Commissioners voted to put a moratorium on high volume water exports.
Legislative leaders say they want to avoid legislating on the issue until they get more data. The Indiana Finance Authority and the Indiana Chamber of Commerce are studying the issue.
“We’re not going to take any other steps until we have an opportunity to study to make sure that there’s ample water for the projects that we’re trying to bring into the state of Indiana,” Bray said, “and we understand just how much is too much to take away from a particular community.”
But, even if leadership would rather wait to address the elephant in the room, lawmakers are almost certain to file legislation.
Issues that won’t move: Gaming
For at least the past two legislative sessions, lawmakers have filed bills to legalize internet casino gaming, or iGaming. It appeared momentum was on proponents’ sides. Until this month.
Earlier this month former state Rep. Sean Eberhart agreed to plead guilty to criminal fraud charges that federal prosecutors say stem from influencing casino legislation in return for the promise of a $350,000-a-year job.
Both Bray and Huston said Monday they don’t expect any gaming legislation to move in 2024.
During Monday’s Chamber panel, Bray said the federal investigation “makes gaming extremely hard to engage in.”
“It taints the Statehouse, it diminishes the confidence that people have in the integrity of the Statehouse, it causes an awful lot of problems and it makes it particularly difficult to engage in that kind of policy,” Bray said.
Issues that won’t move: Marijuana
Lawmakers studied the impact legalizing marijuana would have on the workforce and youth in an interim committee this fall, but the committee never issued any recommendations for legislation.
Both legislative leaders and Holcomb have emphasized their reluctance to legalize marijuana until at least after the federal government reschedules it. Huston reiterated his hesitation on Monday.
“No one has made a compelling case to me yet on why legalizing marijuana or having more people use cannabis in the state of Indiana is a positive thing,” Huston said. “So until I hear that answer, I wouldn’t expect a whole lot of change.”
Likewise, Bray said its passage “seemed unlikely.”
The ceremonial start of the legislative session is just that. Lawmakers won’t start moving bills until they return to the Statehouse in January.
The gist Destiny Wells, the 2022 Democratic secretary of state nominee, announced she is running for the Indiana attorney general’s office next year, hoping to oust Republican incumbent Todd Rokita. Earlier this year Rokita, a vocal supporter of social conservative causes, announced he was seeking reelection. This race could be among the more competitive races …
Indiana’s unemployment rate remained steady for October at 3.6% after inching up each of the five previous months.
The state’s jobless rate was unchanged from September, following a slow rise from April when it was 3.0%, according to an Indiana Department of Workforce Development report released Friday.
August’s rate is Indiana’s highest since August 2021 but still remains below the national mark of 3.9%. Indiana’s rate is the same as Ohio’s and below those in Michigan (4.1%), Kentucky (4.2%) and Illinois (4.6%), according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Indiana’s rate was tied for 34th highest in the country.
Indiana had about 123,000 job seekers during October, with nearly 3.3 million people employed, according to preliminary federal data.
Indiana’s October private employment topped 2.8 million people, which the Department of Workforce Development said is a new private employment peak. Industries that showed employment increases for October included construction (+2,500), private educational and health services (+2,400) and leisure and hospitality (+1,900).
“Indiana’s labor market continues to show strength for both workers and employers,” Workforce Development Commissioner Richard Paulk said in an agency statement. “Though the state set a private employment record, employers still need to fill many more critical jobs.”